In the late ‘60s, the Brazilian psychedelic music of Tropicália was led by Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil. These visionaries sought to make music representative of all classes and social statuses by not only embracing Brazilian music like bossa nova, but also incorporating rock, psychedelia and experimental elements from the US, UK and beyond. Their harsh criticism of an iron-fisted, CIA-backed dictatorship resulted in the forced exile of Veloso and Gil in 1969. Despite this, likeminded artists persisted. The erudite experimentations of Tom Zé, far-out explorations of Gal Costa, eclectic psych pop of Os Mutantes, beautiful arrangements of Rogerio Duprat, and the fuzzed out Os Brazões pushed the bounds of the country’s musical tradition. These are the figureheads of the Brazilian counterculture, Tropicália.

 

1. Caetano Veloso – “Tropicália” from Caetano Veloso

2. Tom Zé – “Quero Sambar Meu Bem” from Tom Zé aka Grande Liquidação

3. Gilberto Gil – “Coragem Pra Suportar” from Gilberto Gil

4. Os Mutantes – “Panis et Circenses” from Os Mutantes

5. Os Brazões – “Pega A Voga Cabeludo” from Os Brazões

6. Gal Costa – “Tuareg” from Gal

7. Lula Côrtes E Zé Ramalho – “Bailado Das Muscarias” from Paêbirú

8. Jorge Ben – “País Tropical” from Jorge Ben

9. Nara Leão – “Lindonéia” from Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis

10. Rita Lee – “Vamous Tratar Da Saúde” from Hoje É O Primeiro Dia Do Resto Da Sua Vida

11. Novos Baianos – “Mistério do Planeta” from Acabou Chorare

12. Nelson Angelo E Joyce – “Meus Vinte Anos” from Nelson Angelo E Joyce

 

Companion Material
Hélio Oiticica’s Tropicália
Nelson Motta’s “A Cruzada Tropicalista” (The Tropicalist Crusade)
Brutality Garden: Tropicália and the Emergence of a Brazilian Counterculture
Tropicália Documentary by Marcello Machado
BBC Brasil, Brasil Episode 2: Tropicália Revolution

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